Interior Architecture in 3D Printed Designs – 9 Examples


Ori Kol  

3D printed VULCAN, designed by Laboratory for Creative Design

Interior architecture bridges between architecture and interior design. Designers and architects have been using 3D printing for both interior and the exterior purposes.  and this post showcases the designs which are in-between.

1. Divide and Conquer

3D printed interior wall Supermod, designed by Simplus Design
SuperMod is a modular wall for storage. Individual modules can be taken apart and put back together, allowing for variety. Shadows created by the modules’ faceted pattern add a palpable texture to the room. Designed by Simplus studio, this 3D printed interior wall design offers various storage and space division possibilities: as a partition, high or low, or as a full sized wall. The material itself – opaque white and translucent red plastic enhances the room’s light effects, as they produce a glowing shadowy silhouettes.  Architectural and functional.

Endograft, 3D printed wall designed by Smith|Allen
Another example of partitions is Smith|Allen studio‘s 3D printed Endograft. Its curving shape is achieved by its 222 3D printed tiles. Each one is a bit different from the other, with “an irregular, tessellated pattern and hinting at its patchwork history, Endograft becomes another facet, another mark on the space.” Each 3D printed component contains 2 sets of connection details, which allow for strong load bearing connections to be made. This optimizes print time. “redefining and transforming space”, Endograft is an interesting experiment in 3D printed interior architecture.  We wrote about Endograft in our ‘What if Complexity were Free?’ post.

2. Yet Another Partition?

From The Bouroullec Brothers' 3D Printed 17 Screens Design Installation
17 screen partitions were designed by the Bouroullec brothers for their recent exhibition at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. Bringing together traditional craft methods and 3D printing, the screens resemble natural shapes such as flowers and trees. Some are made of natural materials, like cherry wood branches, and are connected by specialty 3D printed connectors. Some screens are more geometric, and all interplay with space, color, and light.

3D printed by the Bouroullec brothers, who designed the screens for Tel Aviv Museum
The brothers preferred creating this new collection to doing a retrospective, creating a novel approach rather than rehashing existing past designs. In this context the combination of natural materials and craft with 3D printing technology seems particularly apt.

3D printed partition, designed by Airbus for their airplanes

In the context of partitions, we have to mention Airbus‘ 3D printed metal airplane partition to be used in jets. It’s lightweight and durable, contributing to lower fuel consumption and a smaller carbon footprint, without compromising functionality. For obvious reasons, the partition needs to be very strong, which often makes it heavy—a minus for any airplane. The partition was designed taking inspiration from bone growth, and the shape of super-strong water lilies, as well as torsion springs based on fish jaws. Ulitizling a a special alloy made for 3D printing called “Scalmalloy”, this partition answers a specific need in an innovative manner.

3. Hard Rock

Rock Print is a 3D printed installation, designed by 3D printed rock installation, designed and made by Gramazio Kohler research, ETH Zurich, and the self-assembly lab at MIT.

Detail of the 3D printed rock installation, designed and made by Gramazio Kohler research, ETH zurich, and the self-assembly lab at MIT
First shown in the Chicago architecture biennial 2015, This large scale shape stands on its own, providing a blueprint for future works. Presented as a part of an architectural biennial, it portrays an agreement of interior design and architecture in a 3D printed form. Rock Print can potentially bring fully reusable shapes, which can be fabricated in non standard shapes.

Rock Print, Architectural installation at the inaugural Chicago Architecture Biennial 2015 from Gramazio Kohler Research on Vimeo.


4. Face the Facade

3D Printed  RIBA Shanghai Windows Project designed by Urban Systems

This RIBA Shanghai Windows Project was designed by Urban Systems as an interior facade installation. Made of 3D printed and low cost fabrication parts, as well as bio-degradable plastic from renewable resources, it is named “Urban Nature”. It is based on the Urban Systems’ ‘cellular interpretation of architecture’ meant to help visualize the dynamic and fluid nature of the urban environment. The viewer’s experience changes as he passes through this entrance to a Shanghai store, changing his point of view.

3D printed indoor cellular structure, designed by  Keith Kaseman and Branch Technology

“Build by Nature” is Branch Techonolgy‘s motto, and this 18 foot structure named TN-01, designed by Keith Kaseman (of KBAS design studio), is one such example. “We create the complexity of a cellular construct into which economical construction materials are applied to provide the function and strength of a wall assembly,” the company explains. The structure is made from lightweight material, capable of carrying roughly one thousand times its weight. “Build by Nature” highlights how 3D printed technologies gives designers new options for experimentation. “Once we are free to introduce complexity and customization into building, we unlock a huge amount of design that was previously inaccessible”. TN-01 is part of Museum of Design Atlanta‘s current exhibition called Designers, Makers, Users: 3D Printing the Future.

5. A Room Within a Room

Premiering at Beijing Design Week 2015, VULCAN is the world’s largest 3D-printed architectural pavilion (with a  Guinness World Record to prove it). Made from over 1000 different units, it can be divided into several identical modules, allowing it to fit into the exhibition space.
Overview of VULCAN, the world's largest 3D printed pavilion. Designed by Beijing's Laboratory of Creative Design

Inspired by the shape of a cocoon, the team says that “in extrapolating the form from the cocoon’s biological parent body, we seek to combine the 3D printing and spatial construction processes”.  VULCAN (also up top) takes on the form of an arch, a form akin to the mushroom cloud that forms during an volcanic eruption. Its filament layers recall those of a spider’s web, reaching a height of three meters.

The 3D printed pavilion VULCAN and its layout. Designed by Beijing's  Laboratory of Creative Design

Another interesting piece in this context is Project EGG by Michael van der Kley. We wrote about that in a previous post.

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