Looking back at the past two months I have noticed that I have written quite a lot on topics with 3D printed concrete. And with good reason, I think: a lot of research is now at the stage of putting into reality after endless prototyping and tryouts. Already in 2018, I posted a blog on 3D printed houses. Some projects were just first attempts and tryouts. What has happened in the past two years on this concept of 3D printing a house? Let’s have a look!
In Westerlo (Belgium), you can find a 3D printed two-story house, designed and built by Kamp C with the support from the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund). One of the remarkable features of this project is that the house is 3D printed in one piece with a large fixed 3D concrete printer. The house has two floors, whereas most 3d printed houses only have one floor and are often assembled on-site with factory printed parts. Although the house is still a test building, the manufacturers claim that it is three times stronger than a house that is built with quick building blocks. Time will tell if the solidity will remain over time. In the future, one thinks that it will take barely three weeks to 3D print a similar house.
With jaw-breaking ambition and amazement, 3D printer manufacturer ICON continues with its mission is to make dignified housing accessible to everyone and advance humanity with its technology. Only two years after 3D printing their first house, the company presents its latest 3d printer, the Vulcan. It is now possible to 3d print houses in less-than-ideal conditions, such an unpredictable power or potable water supply, or when technical assistance is sparse. In 2020, the company has constructed resilient 3D printed homes in Mexico and 3D printed houses for the homeless in Austin (Texas, USA) (also see top image).
In 2018, a Dutch consortium of six parties announced project Milestone, a commercial 3D printed housing project. According to the website of the first home is expected to be completed in the summer of 2020. Since Eindhoven is based in the Netherlands and just one hour’s drive from my home, I can’t wait to see it in real.
This luxury house, Curve Appeal 3D Printed House, designed by WATG, is the result of participation in the Freeform Home Design Challenge in 2016. Opening in 2020 in Chattanooga (Tennessee, USA) the project is the outcome of years of collaboration between Branch Technology and WATG.
The last 3D printed house, Gaia, was built on-site in Massa Lombarda (Italy) in 2015 by 3D printer manufacturer WASP. With their BigDelta WASP 12MT and Crane WASP, the company constructed the house with materials found on-site and cost tending to zero. The 3D printed house is the result of 7 years of research in the field of 3D printing and architecture, with the aim to demonstrate what the current potential of 3D printing in the architectural field could be, with its advantages and its limitations.
Each of Tessa’s weekly picks is a curated group of 3D printed designs, based on the week’s chosen theme. If you would like to offer a theme for Tessa, or if you have your 3D printed weekly picks you would like to see featured, please let us know by commenting below. Subscribe to the newsletter to get the latest weekly picks every week in your mailbox.